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How Lengthy Are Turkey & Different Thanksgiving Leftovers Good within the Fridge?



It’s a number of hours, perhaps a day or two at most after Turkey Day, and also you’re hungry for Thanksgiving leftovers. Or perhaps you’re not hungry however you’re craving pumpkin pie. And turkey. And a facet dish or two similar to mashed potatoes and stuffing and inexperienced bean casserole and Grandma’s corn casserole and cornbread and leftover cranberry sauce. You recognize, the fixin’s. So that you go to the fridge or the freezer to seize a storage container packed to the brim with turkey leftovers from Thanksgiving dinner and surprise, “Is that this suitable for eating?” How lengthy do leftover turkey and different Thanksgiving leftovers final?

On Food52, we’ve devoted a contest and plenty of, many posts to tips about let all these Thanksgiving leftovers stay their finest lives—as a result of consuming leftover Thanksgiving turkey for a complete week straight can put on down even essentially the most avid of poultry followers.

However we additionally turned to James Briscione, the previous Director of Culinary Improvement on the Institute of Culinary Schooling (ICE), simply to verify our freezer and storage strategies for all our nice leftovers had been sound. Learn to retailer Thanksgiving leftovers to maintain them secure indefinitely…or till all of them run out (whichever comes first).

How lengthy is turkey good within the fridge?

Leftover Thanksgiving turkey that’s absolutely cooked will final within the fridge for about 3 to 4 days. As for the freezer, the lifespan of your leftover turkey will depend on the high quality of stated freezer. “When you have a extremely good freezer that maintains a temp of 0°F or under, it’s indefinite,” James says. If the temperature doesn’t waver, the meals stays secure, basically.

Nevertheless, right here’s the dangerous information: Most shopper freezers aren’t capable of preserve temperatures of 0°F or under. They typically don’t shut solidly and, with frequent opening and shutting, the temperature fluctuates. On this case, hold your leftover turkey within the freezer for six months max after which discard it to keep away from meals poisoning.

In the event you’re nonetheless not sure whether or not your turkey is suitable for eating after you have both refrigerated it or defrosted it out of the freezer, James says to “belief your nostril as an indicator of high quality.” If leftovers scent dangerous, don’t eat them.

How lengthy will the remainder of my Thanksgiving leftovers final?

Again to these different scrumptious Thanksgiving staples like buttery biscuits, cooked greens, and pies, pies, and extra pies. As a rule of Thumb, the USDA says to make use of the Monday after Thanksgiving as a reminder that it’s the final day you may safely eat leftovers. Under, learn the way lengthy basic Thanksgiving leftovers will final in your fridge and freezer.

  • Cranberry sauce: About 2 weeks within the fridge and a pair of months within the freezer.
  • Stuffing: About 4 days within the fridge and a month within the freezer.
  • Pies: A few months within the freezer.
  • Mashed potatoes: Do not freeze these! See why above; as a substitute, make muffins or soup.
  • Cooked greens, together with inexperienced bean casserole: We echo the “do not freeze” sentiment of the mashed potatoes.
  • Bread, like rolls: About 3 months within the freezer. How lengthy they’re going to keep contemporary out of the freezer will depend on the form of bread.

What is the Two-Hour Rule for Storing Turkey and Different Thanksgiving Leftovers?

If it’s nonetheless Turkey Day and also you’re on the point of pack up your leftover Thanksgiving turkey, the United States Division of Agriculture (USDA) reminds hosts to recollect the “two-hour rule” for meals security. Based on the USDA, “all perishable objects must be refrigerated inside two hours of popping out of the oven or fridge.” The reason being that after two hours, perishable meals similar to turkey and stuffing enter what’s often known as the Hazard Zone, the place foodborne micro organism can rapidly multiply and trigger the meals to change into unsafe to eat. “If meals have been ignored at room temperature for greater than two hours, discard objects to stop foodborne sickness,” the USDA states on their web site.

What Thanksgiving Leftovers Freeze Effectively?

In the event you don’t assume you’re going to eat leftover cranberry sauce or apple pie straight away (Who’re you? Please come ahead and clarify your self), chances are you’ll wish to place them in freezer luggage or storage containers to retailer for months to return. James’ recommendation is to be practical—and never simply freeze for freezing’s sake. This boils right down to preserving contemporary what you may and freezing issues that take to chilly effectively, like purées, soups, sauces, and something with the next liquid content material.

As for what to not freeze, this contains starches, like potatoes and cooked greens. When frozen, the water inside starch turns to crystal and breaks the cells, drastically altering its texture. “Even mashed potatoes will lose a lot water out of their construction. They’ll be very dry and unappealing,” James says. The one exception is dinner rolls, which may simply be frozen, so long as they’re saved in a freezer-safe plastic bag in a single layer.

You additionally shouldn’t freeze soups or purées made with cream, because the dairy will kind of curdle, and received’t mix right into a luscious liquid once more. Nevertheless, pure vegetable purées similar to butternut squash or carrot soup, plus shares and broths, that don’t include any cream might be frozen.

Are you able to Freeze Gravy?

It will depend on whether or not it incorporates dairy or not. The issue with dairy-based gravies is that they don’t take effectively to freezing. The dairy, when thawed, tends to separate (this isn’t the case with stock-based gravy; see right here). When you have a number of leftover dairy-based gravy and don’t need it to go to waste, your best option for style and security is to 1) Preserve it within the fridge. 2) Each 3 days, take it out and convey it again to a boil. 3) Let it cool correctly, over a bowl of ice. And 4) stick it again within the fridge. It’s going to final for every week (or extra!) this manner.

Bringing the gravy again to a boil kills off micro organism. Nevertheless, James stresses, the way you cool the gravy may be very, crucial. You need it to chill rapidly—therefore, the ice tub. The longer the gravy spends out of the fridge, the better the probability of micro organism development.

Are you able to Refreeze Leftovers That You’ve got Defrosted?

You may, however it’s not supreme. You’re simply growing the moisture loss in that freeze-thaw cycle.

As for security, “Micro organism isn’t actually a priority then in case you’re thawing it correctly,” James says. Thawing meals correctly implies that previous to cooking you are not permitting it to go above 40°F, when micro organism begins to multiply—quick. To thaw meals safely, there are two choices (there’s additionally the microwave, nonetheless this actually warrants an entire different safety-related submit): within the fridge and in chilly water. To thaw within the fridge, be sure you plan forward as a result of it is going to take some time (in a single day, more than likely, relying on what you are thawing). The faster possibility is to submerge your meals (in its freezer bag, after all) in chilly faucet water and alter the water each half-hour.

What’s the easiest way to stop freezer burn?

First issues first, James says: You wish to get it frozen as rapidly as attainable. However on the identical time, you don’t wish to put heat issues within the freezer. This could improve the inner temperature of the freezer and really begin to barely defrost what’s already in there. Secondly, you wish to decrease the publicity to air. James suggests storing meals in freezer luggage.

Can You Retailer Any Scraps in Your Freezer for Subsequent 12 months—like, say, leftover cranberries?

Once more, James says, this comes right down to the standard of your freezer. For many industrial freezers, the reply can be no. It simply doesn’t keep chilly sufficient to maintain meals for that lengthy (see the explanations above).

Additionally: “Effectively, why? Why do you wish to hold it that lengthy?” James says. Good level. May we propose these Cranberry Cookie Bars, then?

What is the Greatest Approach to Reheat Thanksgiving Leftovers?

We talked about this somewhat bit within the context of gravy, however what’s the easiest way to reheat issues like slices of pie, mashed potatoes, stuffing, and naturally, turkey? Based on the USDA, when reheating within the microwave, cowl and rotate the meals for even heating. Prepare any meals evenly in a coated microwave secure glass or ceramic dish and add some liquid if wanted (this can be a nice time to make use of up additional turkey inventory). Microwaves typically have chilly spots, so verify the inner temperature of the meals in a number of locations with a meals thermometer. It can clearly take longer to warmth up denser meals similar to turkey and stuffing, whereas dinner rolls, roasted greens, and gravy will warmth up rapidly.

What is the worst factor you are able to do with leftovers?

“In all probability the worst factor you are able to do is go to sleep on the sofa and depart issues sitting on the counter,” James says. Permitting meals to take a seat out for 3 to 4 hours at room temperature is harmful territory by way of micro organism development.

Conversely, the sooner you may get issues chilled, the safer your leftovers are. As an alternative of ready till after dinner to start out storing issues, James suggests to start out chilling as you go. So, once you carve the turkey, put half of it within the fridge to get it chilled as rapidly as attainable. The identical goes for all the pieces, actually: Put what you assume individuals are going to eat right into a bowl or onto a serving platter and funky the remainder.

In the event you don’t wish to simply reheat a plate of Thanksgiving leftovers or make a sandwich (with Monica Geller’s signature “moist maker” gravy-soaked slice of bread, too, after all), listed below are another recipes that make use of roast turkey and facet dishes. There’s a genius twist on a turkey pot pie that makes use of precooked shredded turkey breast (although be happy to make use of each the sunshine and darkish meat), plus contemporary veggies like cremini mushrooms, leeks, carrots, and herbs. For dessert, skip a slice of pie and bake a chocolate cake utilizing mashed potatoes. Sure, you heard that proper. Mashed potatoes, individuals! They make chocolate muffins miraculously moist and fudgy. You may thank recipe developer janeofmanytrade for that invention.

1. Turkey Pot Pie for One other Day

Leftover turkey is just about a given after Thanksgiving, however even essentially the most ardent turkey followers in all probability do not wish to eat it for days and days on finish after the vacation. A really tasty answer: Whip up a number of of those turkey pot pies, freeze them for as much as 2 months, and bake ’em within the oven once you want a comfy, comforting dinner on the fly.

2. Pull-Aside Thanksgiving Leftover Stuffed Bread

This fluffy pull-apart bread welcomes all of your Thanksgiving leftovers, from cubed turkey to mashed potatoes to stuffing. Serve ’em heat with butter or—our favourite—with leftover cranberry sauce or gravy.

3. Micki’s Turkey, Cranberry & Cream Cheese Consolation Sandwich

It does not get extra basic than a turkey leftovers sandwich, doused with cranberry sauce. This model does supply a contemporary few twists, nonetheless, with the addition of cream cheese (you could possibly additionally use mashed potatoes), avocado, tomato, and vegetable sprouts.

4. Cranberry Cookie Bars

We won’t consider a greater use for additional cranberry sauce—except for, ahem, that turkey sandwich—than these crumble-topped cookie bars. Calling for simply six components (all vacation baking staples, like cinnamon, butter, and flour), one other bonus of those cookies is that they arrive collectively in a snap.

5. Chocolate–Mashed Potato Cake with Ganache

The key to the moistest-ever cake? Mashed potatoes! Yep, that is proper—your leftover mash (be sure that it does not have garlic or different sturdy herbs) is simply the factor your chocolate muffins have been lacking.

The article, initially printed in 2021, was up to date in August 2023.

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What’s your favourite technique to repurpose Thanksgiving leftovers? Inform us within the feedback under!

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A Vacation-Prepared Espresso Martini (& Extra Drinks to Savor This Season)




December is sort of a sport of Jenga. I begin off robust, prepared to just accept each vacation invitation and household dedication. However as I attend every vacation dinner, celebration, and reward alternate, slightly piece of me diminishes, till I lastly crumple right into a pile of exhaustion—in any other case often known as Dry January.

One apparent strategy to preserve it collectively this season is to be extra aware about ingesting, not essentially by chopping out booze, however by constructing in time to savor each festive drink. Re-centering your self with a cup or glass in hand is a common custom: The Italians get pleasure from apertivo hour, Scandinavians make time every day for fika—espresso and cake—and hundreds of thousands of individuals from England to Japan have rituals round tea, be it a late afternoon cuppa or a ceremony.

Nearer to residence, NYC-based Rasāsvāda makes zero-proof botanical blends that match completely into this custom. Its Black Ginger Spirit Restorative is a perfect place to begin: Brewed totally from 15 complete vegetation and botanicals (and nary a drop of added sugars or preservatives), it’s like a cross between an fragrant brewed tea and a bitter amaro. The daring taste profile calls for your consideration, which is simply what we’d like amidst this fleeting vacation season—slightly extra time to benefit from the current. With that in thoughts, listed below are a couple of inspirational drink recipes that can assist you decelerate and soak within the vacation spirit, so you can also make it to 2024 in a single, strong piece.

1. Rasāsvāda Black Ginger

Black ginger has purported detoxifying properties that make it a pure hangover helper, however you may merely keep away from one by ingesting this zero-proof decoction straight. Together with its star ingredient, this mix contains reishi mushrooms, chicory, cardamom, and burdock root, which impart a pure sweetness and depth. It’s greatest loved chilled (be at liberty to shake earlier than serving—it creates a pleasant foam) or in the event you’d like, high with a seltzer for some sparkle.

2. Good Scorching Chocolate

Scorching chocolate is the final word reward for braving the chilly, and a surefire strategy to coax children into the kitchen to spend some high quality time with you. This recipe blends actual chocolate (bitter or semisweet) with cocoa powder for an ultra-rich cup you can embellish with slightly orange peel, star anise, or Bailey’s (only for you, in fact).

3. Cardamom Chai

To make this straightforward chai, add slightly sugar and heat milk steeped in freshly crushed cardamom and Assam tea for a simple, warming pick-me-up—greatest sipped when catching up with a pal.

Picture by Rasāsvāda

4. Black Ginger Espresso Martini

Although zero-proof, Rasāsvāda performs effectively with spirits, too. The Black Ginger Espresso Martini is a nod to each its namesake and the Italian shakerato, a chilly, “shaken espresso” served in a coupe or martini glass. Black Ginger provides a scrumptious, aromatic depth to the combination—you don’t even want the vodka to make this price toasting.


1 oz Rasāsvāda Black Ginger

1.5 oz Vodka

0.5 oz Easy Syrup

1 oz Espresso

1 Lemon Twist (for garnish)


In a cocktail shaker, add all components with ice and shake arduous for 20 seconds. Double pressure into a relaxing coupe glass. Garnish with a lemon twist.

What’s your favourite drink to soak within the vacation spirit? Inform us within the feedback!

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The Reality Behind Restaurant Well being Inspections




So that you’re in your approach to dinner, and as you method the restaurant, you see the dreaded Grade Pending signal hanging within the window. Must you flip again? Abandon all hope? Frantically get on Resy and pray there’s a good opening in a couple of hours? Fortuitously, it’s none of these issues. Let’s speak about what this signal actually means.

Be aware: all info and figures are primarily based on the New York State inspection infrastructure.

What’s it?

This grade displays a accomplished inspection from the Division of Well being (DOH), which occurs twice a yr for many institutions. A letter grade (A, B, C) is assigned to a restaurant after a well being inspection, which they legally should publish after receiving.

What does it imply?

A well being inspection, compiled of roughly 100 checkpoints of meals security—starting from posting CPR indicators in outstanding areas, to meals storage, to sanitation stations within the kitchen—all correspond to a numerical quantity. A restaurant must obtain fewer than 14 factors on this guidelines inspection in an effort to obtain an A grade. A B or C grade will be contested, and eating places should pay fines related to these decrease grades.

Among the greatest fines embrace:

  • Chilly meals merchandise held above 41°F. (7 factors)
  • Scorching meals merchandise not held at or above 140°F. (7 factors)
  • Wiping cloths dirty or not saved in sanitizing answer. (5 factors)

Tinier fines are issues akin to:

  • “Wash palms” signal not posted at hand-wash facility. (2 factors)
  • Correct thermometer not supplied in refrigerated or sizzling holding gear. (2 factors)

So, if a restaurant receives just some of these larger violations, they’re robotically ineligible for an A grade.

Why is a restaurant’s grade pending?

  • A re-inspection is required: A restaurant has two tries to get an A on an inspection. If, the primary time, an A (fewer than 14 factors) isn’t achieved, the inspector agrees to return in a few month’s time for a re-inspection.

  • The restaurant is preventing the fines: After a restaurant is issued their fines—both after accepting the primary inspection, or on re-inspection—they’ll pay them, or in some instances, contest or ‘treatment’ the fines. For these examples, the DOH will wait to problem the letter grade till the charges are paid or waved, or in instances the place a violation must be proven as cured (or fastened/repaired), a grade pending signal might be given within the interim.

  • The restaurant is ready for his or her letter grade certificates to reach: This one’s fairly easy. The grade is in, the restaurant is simply ready for the paperwork to clear.


A Grade Pending signal within the window can imply plenty of issues, from an imminent inspection to easily awaiting new signage. All of that’s to say, there isn’t any must keep away from a restaurant due to this. Actually, a restaurant with a DOH signal like this demonstrates that they take well being code significantly, and since they’re nonetheless in well being code limbo, the restaurant will more than likely be the cleanest and most stringent about following meals security pointers than another time within the yr.

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40 Hanukkah Recipes That Deliver Mild to Your Desk




Eight days yearly, Jewish individuals around the globe give thanks that centuries in the past, a little bit of oil—solely a day’s price!—lasted lengthy sufficient to maintain a sacred lantern lit for every week and a few change. Within the spirit of this miracle, we mild candles and fry meals on Hanukkah.

The Competition of Lights just isn’t the competition of sunshine fare: Its two most central meals are fried potatoes and fried dough. Whereas latkes and sufganiyot are the crispy golden stars of many a Hanukkah meal, these two dishes do not need to be the one focus. Right here, we have gathered sufficient colourful salads and sides, show-stopping briskets, and latkes of all types to brighten your plate throughout Hanukkah.

This text was up to date 11.29.23.

Extra entertaining inspiration from Food52

What are your Hanukkah specials? Tell us about them within the feedback.

Valerio is a contract meals author, editor, researcher and cook dinner. He grew up in his mum or dad’s Italian eating places coated in pizza flour and consuming a Shirley Temple a day. Since, he is labored as a cheesemonger in New York Metropolis and a paella teacher in Barcelona. He now lives in Berlin, Germany the place he is more than likely to be discovered consuming shawarma.

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