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The Finest Aloe Lotions for Eczema, In line with Derms 2023



With the Properly+Good SHOP, our editors put their years of know-how to work as a way to decide merchandise (from skincare to self care and past) they’re betting you’ll love. Whereas our editors independently choose these merchandise, making a purchase order by our hyperlinks could earn Properly+Good a fee. Completely happy buying! Discover the SHOP

Aloe vera is the plant that simply retains on giving. Its jelly-filled leaves are generally sliced open and slathered on sunburns, nonetheless, aloe vera affords different medicinal advantages for therapeutic wounds, advancing oral well being, and easing digestion, making it the final word homeopathic staple. This contains treating signs of eczema; the identical anti-inflammatory properties it accommodates that soothe sunburns so properly may also soothe the pink, dry, itchy patches that include an eczema flare. Whereas aloe can be utilized by itself to deal with eczema, aloe vera lotions are significantly therapeutic, as they double down on hydration, nourishment, and extra.

One of the best aloe vera lotions, at a look: 

  • Finest general: Cetaphil, Soothing Gel-Cream with Aloe, $14
  • Finest for spot therapies: Cortizone Anti-Itch Cream with Aloe, $8
  • Finest for face: Nakery Magnificence, Intensive Restore Remedy Eczema Aid Soothing Remedy, $34
  • Finest for physique: Skinfix, Eczema+ Further Energy Physique Cream, $39
  • Finest for lips: Vaseline, Lip Remedy Lip Balm Tin, $5
  • Finest for tough pores and skin: Aruba Aloe, Alhydran Eczema Care, $43
  • Finest cooling: Eczema Honey, Unique Pores and skin Soothing Cream, $24

Beneath, dermatologists share why aloe vera lotions for eczema assist so properly, what to search for in a product, and the very best lotions to purchase.

How aloe vera helps hydrate pores and skin

Aloe vera’s therapeutic advantages largely come from how properly it hydrates pores and skin. “The leaf of the aloe vera plant is wealthy in water, significantly within the innermost layer of the leaf, so it helps to hydrate the pores and skin and lock in moisture,” says Marisa Garshick, MD, a board-certified dermatologist primarily based in New York. “The sugars, also referred to as mucopolysaccharides, assist to retain moisture within the pores and skin.” This hydration aspect is important in eczema-prone pores and skin, because it dries out quicker. Its anti-inflammatory properties additionally reign supreme relating to soothing irritated and infected pores and skin on account of eczema.

How can aloe vera lotions assist those that have eczema

Teresa Music, MD, a board-certified dermatologist at Marmur Medical, tells W+G that aloe vera-infused lotions work properly in eczematous pores and skin due to their capacity to spice up moisture retention and enhance irritation. “Research have demonstrated that aloe vera doubtlessly exerts its anti-inflammatory results by the activation of key mobile pathways, with optimistic outcomes reported in different inflammatory pores and skin situations as properly.” Combining aloe vera with hydrocortisone-based cream or ointment has extra anti-inflammatory advantages, Dr. Music provides.

What to search for in an aloe vera cream for eczema


Dr. Music says that fragrance-free merchandise are typically advisable over merchandise with fragrances, “because the perfume itself could be an irritant for eczema-prone pores and skin.”


Much like perfume, alcohol could be drying and aggravating when utilized to eczema-prone pores and skin, so Dr. Music advises in opposition to in aloe vera lotions. That will help you slender down your search, we tapped a number of dermatologists for his or her enter on the very best aloe lotions for eczema. Forward, you’ll discover a number of choices that quell irritation, calm indignant pores and skin, and draw moisture again to the pores and skin barrier.

Finest general

cetaphil soothing gel cream

Cetaphil, Soothing Gel-Cream with Aloe — $14.00

In terms of moisturizers for eczema, Cetaphil doesn’t disappoint. Dr. Garshick and Dr. Music suggest this cream as a result of it’s soothing and hydrating. It’s formulated with an allantoin pores and skin protectant, in addition to humectants like glycerin and panthenol, which may help entice and retain water. The cream has a gel-like consistency that absorbs shortly into the pores and skin and is formulated with out irritants like perfume and parabens. Because it’s delicate skin-safe, apply it all around the physique or on parched patches to alleviate stressed-out pores and skin.

Quantity: 16 oz.

  • Inexpensive  
  • Comprises humectants like glycerin and panthenol  
  • Quick-absorbing  
  • Perfume- and paraben-free

Finest for spot remedy

box of cortizone anti-itch cream with aloe with formula swiped in the back

Cortizone, Anti-Itch Cream with Aloe — $8.00

A part of what makes Cortizone’s cream so efficient at treating eczema spots is the hydrocortisone. A topical steroid, hydrocortisone reduces itching and irritation whereas the aloe vera soothes the pores and skin, says Dr. Garshick. “This mix could assist to deal with indicators and signs of eczema,” she provides. As somebody with eczema myself, I like making use of this cream on my fingers, the place I typically get eczema patches and flares within the heat climate. Additionally good? It’s fragrance-free and relieves itching in minutes. Itch-free metropolis, right here we come.

Quantity: 2 oz.


  • Formulated with hydrocortisone to alleviate itching  
  • Perfume-free  
  • Inexpensive

Finest for face

nakery beauty intensive repair treatment

Nakery Magnificence, Intensive Restore Remedy Eczema Aid Soothing Remedy — $34.00

The important thing substances in Nakery Magnificence’s face and physique cream are colloidal oatmeal and aloe vera. Mixed, these light substances assist to assuage areas of pores and skin irritation, making it nice for eczema and to be used on the face. “It additionally accommodates squalane and sea buckthorn oil to forestall dryness whereas additionally strengthening the pores and skin’s pure moisture barrier,” explains Dr. Garshick. Apply it immediately on flare-ups, or use it as a each day moisturizer.

Quantity: 6 fl. oz.

  • Soothes irritation and itching  
  • Blended with colloidal oats for further nourishment
  • Steroid- and fragrance-free  
  • Advances pores and skin texture

Finest for physique

skinfix eczema extra strength body cream

Skinfix, Eczema+ Further Energy Physique Cream — $39.00

At any time when I’m feeling itchy or my pores and skin wants an additional dose of moisture, I’ll attain for Skinfix’s Eczema+ Further Energy Physique Cream. “This hydrating and deeply nourishing cream combines colloidal oatmeal and candy almond oil along with aloe vera, collectively serving to to nourish dry pores and skin and relieve itching,” says Dr. Garshick. Additionally within the system is glycerin—a humectant that retains pores and skin hydrated for longer by pulling moisture to the pores and skin—making it an amazing each day physique moisturizer.

Quantity: 8 fl. oz.

  • Relieves itching and dry pores and skin  
  • Formulated with colloidal oatmeal and glycerin  
  • Very best for exterior physique use
  • Thickness will not be ideally suited for some

Finest for lips

vaseline lip therapy lip balm

Vaseline, Lip Remedy Lip Balm Tin — $5.00

Eczema doesn’t solely goal the pores and skin in your physique—it might probably have an effect on your face and lips, too. For that, Dr. Music recommends Vaseline’s Lip Remedy. Formulated with pure Vaseline jelly and aloe vera, this non-greasy product softens chapped, irritated lips and soothes dryness. It additionally can be utilized to rehydrate the dry patches on the face. Eczema flares aren’t any match for this balm.

Quantity: 0.6 oz.

  • Comprises minimal substances  
  • Presents aid for chapped lips  
  • Can be utilized on the lips or dry patches on the face  
  • Inexpensive
  • Some could not just like the scent

Finest for tough pores and skin

aruba aloe alhydran eczema care

Aruba Aloe, Alhydran Eczema Care — $43.00

This Alhydran remedy works nice for tough pores and skin, in line with Dr. Music. “This cream combines the advantages of urea, which helps to hydrate and nourish the pores and skin with lactic acid and aloe vera to supply calming and soothing advantages for the pores and skin,” says Dr. Garshick. “It may be used on irritated, sunburned, or post-procedure pores and skin.”I wrestle with parched eczema patches on my fingers and it’s been a lifesaver for relieving my flares. After making use of a quarter-sized quantity to my fingers, I discover decreased redness and flaking virtually instantly.

Quantity: 2 fl. oz.

  • Can be utilized on tough pores and skin
  • Formulated with aloe vera to assuage irritate pores and skin
  • Shortens length of eczema flares

Finest cooling

eczema honey skin-soothing cream

Eczema Honey, Unique Pores and skin-Soothing Cream — $24.00

One of many methods to worsen eczema is by persevering with to itch. To cease itching in its tracks, Angela Lamb, MD, a dermatologist and affiliate professor of dermatology on the Icahn College of Medication at Mount Sinai Hospital, suggests Eczema Honey’s Unique Pores and skin-Soothing Cream.

“I like this one as a result of it combines the therapeutic parts of honey together with the hydrating properties of aloe,” she says. An extra property of aloe is that it cools the pores and skin. Lastly, look to the colloidal oatmeal and natural sunflower oil—which kinds a protecting barrier and quells irritation. Plus, this product obtained the seal of approval from the Nationwide Eczema Affiliation (!!)

Quantity: 4 oz.

  • Enriched with colloidal oatmeal, sunflower oil, aloe vera to quell irritation  
  • Has a cooling impact  
  • Seal of approval from the Nationwide Eczema Affiliation

Properly+Good articles reference scientific, dependable, latest, strong research to again up the data we share. You’ll be able to belief us alongside your wellness journey.

  1. Sujatha, G et al. “Aloe vera in dentistry.” Journal of scientific and diagnostic analysis : JCDR vol. 8,10 (2014): ZI01-2. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2014/8382.4983

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18 Equipment That’ll Elevate Any Vacation Look




Dressing for all the vacation occasions you could have will be overwhelming and nerve-racking; who has the time to plan out six totally different festive outfits inside a couple of weeks? Not I. And with the vacations being pricy to start with, you in all probability don’t wish to be shopping for one thing new for each occasion you could have. The answer? Festive hair equipment you’ll be able to throw on to raise any look to 1 that’s holiday-ready.

Hair equipment are having fairly the second—specifically hair bows in all sizes and shapes—which is the blessing we deserved to shut out 2023. The addition of a festive-feeling hair accent could make even a black-on-black outfit really feel holiday-ready in a pinch, which is a savior for a season jam-packed with occasions. Investing in a few hair equipment I can combine and match with my present wardrobe is the vacation dressing hack I’m counting on for all of December (and actually, in all probability all future Decembers, too). These are the most effective hair equipment of the 2023 vacation season.

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I Tried the Injectable Moisturizer| Nicely+Good




A decade in the past, there was a therapy referred to as Profhilo that girls in sure circles of New York Metropolis’s higher crust have been clamoring about. Not but accessible in america, they’d board personal jets and set off to Paris to see the physician who many alleged to be Kate Middleton’s dermatologist.

Per week or so after getting Profhilo, they’d emerge from Chanel-ed cocoons with bouncy, juicy pores and skin that seemed so gleamy that folks would speculate how they’d achieved it. The reply? Round 30 or so injections to every facet of the face, distributing an injectable moisturizer comprised of hyaluronic acid. And now, a brand new rendition of this therapy referred to as Skinvive has arrived stateside for these of us with out trans-continental dermatologists.

When neuromodulators, like Botox, and injectable fillers like Juvederm and Restylane, first arrived in the marketplace, folks have been skeptical and judgemental about the necessity to put a needle in your pores and skin for a desired impact. Analysis signifies that adoption of each Botox and filler is turning into extra widespread, with one McKinsey report noting that “social stigmas round injectables could also be receding and even that inaction could also be considered self-neglect.”

Suffice it to say, we’re gone the needle-weary days, and lots of the greatest issues you are able to do in your pores and skin happen within the dermatologist’s workplace, together with this new-to-market moisturizer.

What’s Skinvive?

Skinvive is a microdroplet hyaluronic acid injectable that’s put into the pores and skin with a needle. “Not like different injectable hyaluronic acids in the marketplace that present quantity and alter the contour of the face, Skinvive is supposed to work as an injectable pores and skin hydrator with out including quantity, concentrating on pores and skin high quality, bettering texture, hydration, and basic pores and skin radiance,” says Carmen Castilla, MD, M.D, a board-certified dermatologist at New York Dermatology Group and scientific teacher at Mount Sinai Hospital.

Hyaluronic acid is a recognized humectant that holds 1,000 occasions its weight in water, making it a terrific contributor to pores and skin hydration. Based on Dr. Castilla, the main retailer of hyaluronic acid is within the dermal layer. We’re all born with naturally occurring hyaluronic acid in our pores and skin; nevertheless, as we age, our pores and skin’s shops of it deplete.

This leaves pores and skin wanting prefer it has much less quantity than normal, and it could actually additionally make it seem duller. Injectors repair the primary challenge with fillers that restore plumpness to our complexions, they usually repair the latter with Skinvive, “which replenishes depleted hyaluronic acid shops resulting in an elevated means to retain water and finally bettering pores and skin high quality,” says Dr. Castilla.

This is able to both be a very good possibility for somebody who’s trying to enhance the early indicators of pores and skin getting older and pores and skin high quality however not somebody trying to goal quantity loss, or it ought to be used at the side of one other product to assist restore quantity to the pores and skin’s areas.

Sometimes, a single Skinvive therapy lasts six months, with the physique metabolizing the product over time, based on Mona Gohara, MD, a board-certified New Haven-based dermatologist. Importantly, this can be a mega-leap from what Profhilo provided with month-long outcomes that stored these personal jets a lot busy.

What does a SkinVive therapy really feel like?

I discovered myself once more sitting in NYC dermatologist Dendy Engelman MD’s chair on the Fifth Avenue Shaffer Clinic (my Paris). Dr. Engelman, who had just lately seen me for my preliminary into Fraxel, numbed my cheeks and advised me to attend for about half-hour. Whereas some docs forgo this step, you’re getting poked many occasions over, and it’s good to have the ability to soften the jab.

After I used to be numbed, Dr. Engelman got here again into the workplace and prepped the product. I seemed to the facet, and he or she pricked me with the needle roughly thirty occasions on every cheek. The injections wouldn’t have been any large deal—they largely felt like a Botox injection—besides that there have been so many extra of them than I’m used to.

Even nonetheless, from the time the primary prick occurred to the final measured round ten or quarter-hour. As with filler, the outcomes have been near fast (although, importantly, the model says that outcomes really develop over the course of a few weeks). I noticed an enchancment within the texture of my pores and skin, and because the days glided by it helped to take down a number of the rosacea that I’ve in my cheeks.

What else to learn about SkinVive

Proper now, the one on-label use (a time period meaning it’s been authorized by the Meals and Drug Administration, the entity that regulates beauty procedures) is for the cheeks. Nevertheless, Dr. Castilla surmises that it’s seemingly for use off-label (or in ways in which the FDA hasn’t authorized) for locations just like the decolletage and the backs of the arms.

Importantly, Skinvive doesn’t essentially take the place of your moisturizers or serums, however reasonably works with them. “It has been proven to extend aquaporins within the pores and skin, that are channels within the cell membrane that management the stream of water into and out of the cells,” says Dr. Castilla. “Growing aquaporins within the cell membrane can enable for water to diffuse into the cells extra readily, which may help with hydration.”

In tandem with Skinvive, Dr. Castilla additionally encourages utilizing sunscreen and merchandise that amp up your individual shops of collagen and elastin. For these in search of therapies to pair with Skinvive, she says to look to resurfacing lasers that increase collagen and elastin and enhance pores and skin high quality, together with chemical peels or mico-needling to enhance the general pores and skin texture.

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Pores and skin Barrier Well being Will Be Large in 2024 Magnificence




It’s uncommon to seek out skin-care recommendation that’s one-size-fits-all, however within the dermatological world, there’s an exception: Sturdy pores and skin is wholesome pores and skin. It doesn’t matter what sort of complexion you’ve or your distinctive issues, “a robust pores and skin barrier is the only most essential issue [in maintaining skin health],” says John “Jay” Wofford, MD, a board-certified dermatologist with U.S. Dermatology Companions. And in 2024, the wonder trade will ship the instruments we all want to attain precisely that.

Your pores and skin barrier is made up of lipids and cells, and serves as the primary line of protection in opposition to the weather. It’s liable for retaining unhealthy stuff, like air pollution and micro organism, out, whereas trapping great things, like moisture, in. When the pores and skin barrier is functioning correctly, your complexion will possible be hydrated and wholesome; when it’s compromised, you turn into weak to a complete host of issues. Extreme barrier points can result in pores and skin circumstances like eczema and rosacea, however even a minimally-disrupted barrier can result in dryness, irritation, irritation, and zits. 

“Barrier well being has all the time been a spotlight for dermatologists, however most individuals used to assume it was solely essential when you had rosacea, delicate pores and skin, or eczema,” says David Kim, MD, a board-certified dermatologist based mostly in New York. However that isn’t the case, he says: Even individuals who don’t have an underlying medical situation can inadvertently weaken their pores and skin barrier. “It could possibly impression anybody within the normal inhabitants, as a result of when the barrier is disrupted, moisture escapes and the pores and skin begins to get dry and cracked, which permits irritants and micro organism to enter the pores and skin and set off irritation,” he says. 

Yearly that goes by, our society is changing into more and more extra targeted on pores and skin well being

John Wofford, MD

Specialists credit score the elevated total consideration on pores and skin well being as a key motive why barrier well being goes to be so sizzling within the coming yr. “Yearly that goes by, our society is changing into more and more extra targeted on pores and skin well being,” says Dr. Wofford, noting that this phenomenon began to select up throughout the 2020 lockdown. “Earlier than, the final inhabitants most likely didn’t actually wish to hear in regards to the pores and skin barrier and the physiology of how the pores and skin works, however now that they’re a lot extra targeted on pores and skin well being, they wish to perceive what’s happening. So, corporations have gotten extra scientific with what they’re speaking about to focus on their merchandise and provides shoppers what they need.” 

The pores and skin barrier pattern has been percolating over the previous couple of years. In early 2022, #skinbarrier had 300 million views on TikTok, now it has greater than 5.7 billion; searches for “pores and skin barrier” elevated 51 p.c throughout that very same interval; and mannequin Hailey Bieber launched her skin-care line Rhode in 2022 with a Barrier Restore Cream ($29). However in 2024, barrier well being is coming nearer to the forefront, as a result of it’s not a need—it’s a necessity. 

Analysis has discovered that the prevalence of atopic dermatitis—a sort of eczema that’s characterised by an especially weakened pores and skin barrier and impacts 2 to 10 p.c of adults in developed international locations—has elevated two- to three-fold in current many years, and there are a couple of various factors at play to clarify why. A 2023 empirical assessment posits that the excessive temperature fluctuations attributable to the local weather disaster are responsible. Different analysis has discovered that low temperatures and low humidity result in a normal lower in barrier perform. “As international warming will get worse and we now have extra extreme climate fluctuations and extra UV publicity, it’s important to complement the pores and skin with the fitting merchandise so it might adapt to the surroundings,” says Dr. Kim. 

Along with environmental components inflicting extreme barrier disruption, dermatologists attribute some on a regular basis issues round pores and skin barrier well being (assume: dryness, flaking, irritation, and zits) to what persons are doing of their routines. “Individuals are utilizing extra lively elements, and their pores and skin boundaries have gotten compromised,” says Dr. Kim, noting that the improper use of harsh actives like retinol, vitamin C, and exfoliating acids can strip the pores and skin, weakening the barrier and inflicting sensitivities. “Now, [people are] in search of methods to include actives whereas retaining that barrier sturdy so it doesn’t get irritated.” (This, largely, explains why niacinamide—a mild antioxidant that brightens pores and skin, evens discoloration, and fights zits with out irritation—has been exhibiting up in every single place recently.) 

“Individuals are utilizing extra lively elements, and their pores and skin boundaries have gotten compromised.”

David Kim, MD, board-certified dermatologist

Fortunately, caring in your pores and skin barrier is pretty easy. Ceramides, glycerin, and fatty acids have lengthy been thought of the “massive three” for pores and skin barrier restore (and have historically been staples in lotions and different merchandise from trade heavyweights like Cerave and Cetaphil). Calming elements like Centella Asiatica and colloidal oatmeal are sometimes included alongside them to assuage irritated pores and skin. However although the options for strengthening pores and skin haven’t modified within the 4 many years (since ceramides entered the beauty lexicon), the best way they’re being delivered—and marketed—to shoppers has. 

Barrier-building elements had been as soon as completely obtainable in thick lotions designed to deal with dry pores and skin, however now, they’re making their means into lighter-weight merchandise extra appropriate for reinforcing the pores and skin barrier for shiny pores and skin and acne-prone pores and skin. In October Paula’s Alternative launched its Barrier Restore Superior Moisturizer ($38), which boosts pores and skin’s pure manufacturing of ceramides to strengthen the barrier and permit for higher moisture retention; RoC launched its Barrier Renew Necessities Assortment ($50) that features light-weight a.m. and p.m. moisturizers in addition to a gel-to-foam cleanser, all of that are jam-packed with ceramides; Murad launched a Mobile Hydration Restore Serum ($72) that’s infused with peptides and fatty acids to spice up your physique’s pure manufacturing of ceramides, strengthening the pores and skin barrier inside half-hour of utility. One month earlier, Payot launched an Adaptogenic Spray Moisturizer ($44) infused with antioxidants to defend in opposition to the environmental impacts on pores and skin barrier well being. On the finish of this month, Drunk Elephant will launch its Bora Bora Barrier Restore Cream, which promotes the pure manufacturing of skin-strengthening lipids; and in early 2024, Saint Jane will enter the barrier-care class with its new Magnificence Star Flower Serum, which encapsulates niacinamide within micropearl bubbles that burst after they enter the pores and skin to offer strengthening advantages from the within out. 

And for these coping with extra extreme underlying barrier issues, like eczema and rosacea, treating the signs at residence has by no means been simpler

Physique care is getting a barrier-friendly improve, too. Marie Veronique, Cyklar, REN, and PerriconeMD all launched barrier-focused physique merchandise within the again half of this yr. And on the prime of 2023, Dove launched its Bathe Assortment for Pores and skin Circumstances, which options three physique washes designed to focus on eczema-prone, dry-cracked, and hyper-reactive pores and skin. Looking forward to the approaching months, Advanced By Nature will launch a physique wash that employs the model’s proprietary activated silk ingredient to assist the pores and skin’s pure manufacturing of claudins, a protein that holds barrier cells collectively to maintain moisture in and irritants out. 

And for these coping with extra extreme underlying barrier issues, like eczema and rosacea, treating the signs at residence has by no means been simpler (although you’ll nonetheless wish to seek the advice of a dermatologist for the very best plan of action in your particular person wants). Previously yr, drugstore and luxurious manufacturers alike—together with No. 7, Olay, Murad, Typology, and Alpyn Magnificence—have all launched merchandise that concentrate on these issues, and in November, a brand new model known as Re/Cowl hit the market with moisturizing patches that deal with eczema flares in the identical means pimple patches zap zits. Within the dermatological world, a brand new eczema drug from Lilly known as lebrikizumab has proven promise in strengthening the pores and skin barrier in scientific trials (it really works by blocking the proteins that set off the inflammatory loop within the pores and skin to stave off barrier dysfunction, itch, and an infection), and might be obtainable through prescription as early as subsequent yr. 

Come 2024, energy coaching our pores and skin will turn into so central to our routines that many people received’t even notice we’re doing it—however our complexions might be all the higher for it.

Store Pores and skin Barrier Merchandise

Rhode Pores and skin Barrier Restore Cream – $29

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Paula’s Alternative Barrier Restore Superior Moisturizer – $38

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RoC Barrier Renew Necessities – $88

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Murad Mobile Hydration Barrier Restore Serum – $72

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Payot Adaptogen Spray Moisturizer – $44

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Advanced By Nature Physique Wash – $29

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Properly+Good articles reference scientific, dependable, current, strong research to again up the knowledge we share. You possibly can belief us alongside your wellness journey.

  1. Kolb L, Ferrer-Bruker SJ. Atopic Dermatitis. [Updated 2023 Aug 8]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Accessible from:
  2. Jessica W. Hui-Beckman, Elena Goleva, Donald Y.M. Leung, Byung Eui Kim,
    The impression of temperature on the pores and skin barrier and atopic dermatitis,
    Annals of Allergy, Bronchial asthma & Immunology, Quantity 131, Situation 6, 2023, Pages 713-719, ISSN 1081-1206,
  3. Engebretsen, Okay.A., Johansen, J.D., Kezic, S., Linneberg, A. and Thyssen, J.P. (2016), The impact of environmental humidity and temperature on pores and skin barrier perform and dermatitis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol, 30: 223-249. 
  4. Overgaard CE, Daugherty BL, Mitchell LA, Koval M. Claudins: management of barrier perform and regulation in response to oxidant stress. Antioxid Redox Sign. 2011 Sep 1;15(5):1179-93. doi: 10.1089/ars.2011.3893. Epub 2011 Could 9. PMID: 21275791; PMCID: PMC3144428.

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